JULIE MARIS/SEMEL photography  

Tricycle with a two-seat passenger compartment with a separate seat for a driver who pedals. Pedicabs in Hue, Vietnam are used for transportation at the Imperial Citadel.

Flightless marine birds, most of which live in Antarctica. King penguins (aptenodytes patagonicus) are the second largest penguins. King penguins form breeding colonies on sub-Antarctic islands including Macquarie Island (Australia) in the Southern Ocean. Gentoo penguins (pygoscelis papua) are found on Petermann Island, on the Antarctic Peninsula. The gentoo is a medium-sized penguin that has white eye patches and orange-red bills and feet.

Petermann Island
Island on the Antarctic Peninsula, south of the Lemaire Channel, home to nesting adelie and gentoo penguins (pygoscelis papua). Baptiste Charcot explored the Antarctic Peninsula from 1903–1905. During his second voyage in 1908–1910 aboard the Pourquoi Pas?, the ship wintered at Petermann Island.

City situated in a great rift valley east of Wadi Araba, Jordan, 80 kilometers south of the Dead Sea. Petra, established by the late 1st c. B.C. as a commercial center, the result of its spice trade, was located at the crossroads of the ancient Near East. Nabataeans erected monumental tombs that reflected the international character of their economy with native tradition and classical spirit. Petra carved from red-rose sandstone rock, the capital of the Nabataens and rediscovered in 1812, is now a UNESCO World Heritage site.

Pietra dura
Decorative mosaic that uses hard stone. Pietra dura art in Florence in the 16th and 17th centuries involved fabrication of pictures out of cut-to-shape pieces of colored stone. The Taj Mahal in Agra, India made extensive use of pietra dura, or inlay with precious and semi-precious stones.

Polar bear
(Ursus maritimus) Semi-aquatic, northern bear found in the Arctic, the Davis Strait, Canada, and Greenland. Adult male polar bears can weigh as much as 1,700 pounds and measure up to ten feet; are strong swimmers; and are able to stay under water for two minutes. The fur of polar bears is made of hollow hairs that trap air and provide insulation.

Potala Palace
Religious and administrative complex located at the top of Marpori or Red Mountain, above the Lhasa River valley in Lhasa, Tibet Autonomous Region of the People’s Republic of China. The White Palace, Potrang Marpo, completed in 1648, was the seat of the Tibetan government and the main residence of the Dalai Lama. A UNESCO World Heritage site, the Potala Palace, the winter palace of the Dalai Lama since the 7th c., symbolizes Tibetan Buddhism and its central role in the traditional administration of Tibet.

City founded in the 1930’s, the former Soviet administrative and military center of Chukotka, Russia located on the Arctic coast of Siberia. The tundra that surrounds Provideniya is a treeless, rolling plain with lichens, mosses, and low shrubs.

Any of three species of diving birds that belongs to the auk family, Alcidae (order Charadriiformes). Puffins, with large, brightly-colored, triangular beaks, nest in colonies on cliffs. They usually lay one egg that hatches in about 40 days. The horned puffin is a small bird with black uppersides; a white chest and undersides; white face and cheeks with a small black “horn” above its eyes; and orange legs and webbed feet.

  copyright 2006 Julie Maris/SemeldownupABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPTY